The Western Wall (HaKotel HaMa'aravi), sometimes referred to as the Wailing Wall or simply the Kotel, and as al-Buraaq Wall in Arabic, is a fundamental Jewish religious place located in the Old City of Jerusalem. Just over half the wall, including its 17 courses situated below street level, dates from the end of the Second Temple period, being constructed around 19 BCE by Herod the Great. In Judaism, the Western Wall is venerated as the sole remainder of the Holy Temple. It has become a place of pilgrimage for Jews, as it is the closest permitted accessible site to the holiest spot in Judaism, namely the Even ha-shetiya or Foundation Stone, which lies on the Temple Mount. Jewish sources, including the Zohar, write that the Divine Presence rests upon the Western Wall.
The sages state that anyone who prays in the Temple in Jerusalem, "it is as if he has prayed before the throne of glory because the gate of heaven is situated there and it is open to hear prayer". Jewish Law dictates that when Jews pray the Silent Prayer, they should face mizrach, towards Jerusalem, the Temple and ultimately the Holy of Holies, as all of GodÂ?s bounty and blessing emanates from that spot.