Historically the most important dates in
Judaism began around 5772 years ago, although these dates are not always agreed
to by all.
4115 years ago, the creation occurred.
- Then the Flood came around
3824 years ago.
- Abraham was born 3324
- God created the Torah
and gave it to Abraham as His law for the people of Israel around 2843 years ago.
- Next came the building
of the Temple of
around 2363 years ago.
- Around 167 to 160 BCE
the Assyrian Greeks were defeated by Judas Maccabeus when an uprising was led
by him against the Seleucid Empire. The feast of Hanukkah commemorates this
period of time.
- The Roman Empire and
the Jews had a difficult history from around 63 BCE with a number of uprising
and revolts where many
were being killed or disposed of as slaves.
66 and 132 BCE, there were a number of wars between Romans and Jews which ended
in the Temple of Jerusalem being destroyed along with the Second Temple.
- When the Second
and Jewish commonwealth was
destroyed In 70 CE they were without a temple which caused
legal and social upheaval.
- In 1280 the Talmud
manuscript was finalized which is still in its present form.
- In 1917 a reform
movement began with the Balfour Declaration publicly supported by the British
for a homeland for the Jews in Palestine. This led to the League of Nations
entrusting the United Kingdom with the 1922
- In 1948 on the 14th
May the State of Israel became reality, this led to Syria, Egypt, Iraq and
Transjordan launching the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. A ceasefire was declared after
a year with the Green Line established as a temporary border. In 1949 on the 11th of May the United Nations admitted Israel.
- 1977 bought about the
Knesset elections and was a turning point in the political history of Israel
with the Likud party taking control. This brought on the Israel-Egypt Peace
Treaty being signed in 1979.
- The Israel-Jordan
Treaty of Peace was signed in 1994.
Other important Judaism dates are
holiday and festivals etc., such as Shabbat, this is a holiday celebrated as a
day of rest each week, which begins on Friday night at sundown and ends on
Saturday night at nightfall. There are many other notable dates of Judaism
- Selichot is a name for repentance prayer which
precedes Rosh Hashanah
Yemei Teshuva, also known as the Ten Days of Repentance, begins with Rosh
- Rosh Hashanah
is the Jewish Head of the Year. This is also known as a Day of Remembrance.
This is held for two days at the beginning of this time, generally in September.
The Hebrew month of Tishrei is generally in September with Aseret Yemei Teshuva
being the first ten days. These are Ten Days of Repentance beginning with Rosh
Hashanah a Jewish Holiday also called Yom Teruah or Feast of the Lord. Yom
Kippur concludes this period. Yom Kippur, known as the Day of Atonement, is the
final day of Aseret Yemei Teshuva.
or Feast of Tabernacles is a festival of seven days. Shemini Atzeret concludes
the Sukkot holiday.
- Purim is a festival
that is held in the leap years of the Hebrew calendar.
- The Eve of Passover and
The Fast of the Firstborn is a significant Jewish date where the first born
fasts. Passover is another significant
date and is the Festival of Unleavened Bread. Pesach Sheni is known as the
- Another major fasting
day and day of mourning is Tisha B’Av which is a day for negative events in the
history of the