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Hamsa - An alternative Jewish name for Hamsa is the Hand of Miriam, in reference to Miriam, the sister of Moses and Aaron as well as the Hamesh Hand. It serves as an ancient talismanic way of averting and getting protection from the evil eye, or more generally of providing a "protecting hand" or "Hand of God".
Hoshen/Choshen is a Hebrew word usually translated as breastplate; in English language contexts it refers to a specific breastplate - the sacred breastplate worn by the Jewish high priest, according to the Book of Exodus. In the biblical account, the breastplate is termed the breastplate of judgement, because the Urim and Thummim, which were used in divination, were placed within it. The twelve jewels in the breastplate were each, according to the Biblical description, to be made from specific minerals, none of them the same as another, and each of them representative of a specific tribe.
There were 12 precious stones in the Hoshen, as mentioned in Book of Exodus: Ruby Â? Fertility. Garnet - Creativity. Citrine - Abundance. Topaz Â? Energy. Sapphire Â? Intuition. Jasper / Blue Topaz - Body strength & patience. Onyx - Protection. Emerald - Heart & Back. Diamond - Cleansing & energy. Amethyst - Balance. Aquamarine - Communication. Agate / Peridot - Power & courage.